MEDLINE is a database of more than 18 million bibliographic citations that includes topics in medicine, nursing, dentistry, pharmacology, veterinary medicine, health care systems, and microbiology dating back to 1946. The categories include everything from anatomy, organisms, diseases, psychiatry and psychology to the physical sciences.
It indexes approximately 5400 biomedical journals published in the United States and in more than 80 other countries. Most recently added records (about 92%) are from English language sources or have English abstracts. Updated Tuesday through Saturday.
The majority of the publications covered in MEDLINE are scholarly journals; a small number of newspapers, magazines, and newsletters considered useful to particular segments of NLM's broad user community are also included. Author supplied abstracts are available for many but not all of the citations, about 82%.
PubMed, was developed by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) at the National Library of Medicine (NLM). The PubMed database was developed in conjunction with publishers of biomedical literature as a search tool for accessing literature citations and linking to full-text journal articles at web sites of participating publishers. PubMed content includes:
The "Find it at UT" icon should be added to PubMed citations in order to look up UT library holdings for the journals in which the references are located and find the full text. In order to view this icon perform the following steps:
Do not click on the publisher's icon unless it says free text available.
My NCBI Account also
1. allows you to save searches
2. allows you to save collections of articles
3. allows you to share your collection of articles with someone else
4. allows you to create bibliographies
*Note: You must have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view PDf files. Click here to Download Adobe Reader - 7.0 or later.
MEDLINE is one of the premier databases for locating research based professional citations in the nursing, medical, and allied health fields. MEDLINE uses a controlled vocabulary (thesaurus) called MeSH (medical subject headings). Controlled vocabulary means that indexers, who are usually subject experts, have read the articles and assigned specific terms from the thesarus to identify the article. The idea behind MeSH is that all articles about the same concept are assigned the same standarized subject heading.
For example, one author may use the words diabetes type 1, another may use insulin dependent diabetes and a third may use diaabetes mellitus, sudden-onset. However, all articles will be indexed under Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin-Dependent, the MeSH term. The most effective way to search MEDLINE is to use the MeSH terms whenever possible. The PubMED search engine does this for you automatically. However, you can search specifically with MeSH headings only by clicking on MeSH Database, located in the "Advanced Search" area under More Resources.
Example of a PubMed MEDLINE Citation with Subject Headings:
J Spec Pediatr Nurs. 2010 Jan:15(1):16-25.
Maternal perspectives on lifestyle habits that put children of Mexican descent at risk for obesity.
School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, TX
PURPOSE:This article presents the views that mothers of Mexican descent have related to lifestyle habits that put children at risk for obesity. DESIGN AND METHOD: A qualitative, naturalistic design using ethnographic interviews was selected for this study. Informational redundancy was reached with 9 mothers of Mexican descent. Spradley's Developmental Research Sequence guided data collection and analysis. RESULTS: Participants held views that were congruent with the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Findings provide nurses with knowledge on how mothers of Mexican descent view appropriate nutrition, discipline in feeding, and the place of physical activity and television in young preschool children's lives.
+ Publication Types, MeSH Terms,Grant Support
(When you are in PubMed, CLICK ON THE + SIGN and the following info will appear.)
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Attitude to Health/ethnology*
Child Nutrition Disorders*/ethnology
Child Nutrition Disorders*/etiology
Child Nutrition Disorders*/prevention & control
Nursing Methodology Research
Obesity*/prevention & control
Looking at these subject headings gives you an idea of what the article is about and can help you choose other terms to use for searching. The * by a heading means major heading.
To find these terms for an individual citation do the following:
1. Do a PubMed search and then click on the title of the article
2. Look underneath the abstract for " + Publication Types, MeSH terms"
3. Click on the plus (+)
See the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Heading Information for detailed information about how to use Medical Subject headings.
Information on this web page was obtained from NLM fact sheets and tutorials.