Sharon A. Brown

Sharon A. Brown
PhD, RN, FAAN Joseph H. Blades Centennial Memorial Professor Emerita in Nursing Senior Research Scientist

NUR 5.155

Area:
Faculty Emerita Nursing Research
Expertise:
Chronic Disease/Disability Clinical Nurse Specialist

Biography

Dr. Brown is the Joseph H. Blades Centennial Memorial Professor Emerita in Nursing, Senior Research Scientist, and former Co-investigator/Pilot Core Director, Center for Transdisciplinary Collaborative Research in Self-Management Science. She served as the University's Associate Vice President for Research (1999-2006) as well as two terms as the School of Nursing's Associate Dean for Research (2009-2011; 1995-1999). Dr. Brown's research is focused on diabetes self-management in Mexican Americans and other populations at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. She has had ongoing research funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) since 1992. A recent study, funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research/NIH, involved a relatively novel type of meta-analysis. The study was designed as a model-driven meta-analysis aimed at testing an explanatory diabetes model in order to more clearly identify those factors most predictive of positive health outcomes, considering race/ethnicity, age, and gender.

In addition to meta-analysis studies, Dr. Brown also has a long history of testing diabetes self-management interventions in Starr County, an impoverished Texas-Mexico border community that holds the record for the highest number of diabetes-related deaths of any county in Texas; the county is the poorest in Texas and one of the poorest in the U.S. This work focused on developing and testing culturally tailored strategies to address the disproportionate burden of diabetes in Mexican Americans. Over the years, Dr. Brown received numerous research grants from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH (NIDDK/NIH), as well as the State of Texas, to test the efficacy of interventions specifically designed for this population. One of her current studies, funded for 5 years (2017-2022) by the NIDDK/NIH, is designed to test a diabetes prevention intervention in Mexican Americans who have verified prediabetes. The study also involves an examination of the influence of genetic variation on glucose regulation in response to the lifestyle intervention. (For more information on this study, read Researchers Seek to Prevent Diabetes in At-Risk Population article.) A more recently funded study (2019-2024), in collaboration with colleague Dr. Mary Steinhardt from the UT Austin Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, involves the testing of a resilience-based diabetes self-management intervention conducted in African-American churches located in Austin.